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Agra Fort - The home of Mughals

Agra fort is the most important fort of India. It is located in AgraUttar Pradesh, India just opposite the Taj Mahal on the banks of the Yamuna. Built in the sixteenth century during the Mughal occupation of India, the site is UNESCO World Heritage status. Over 94 acres of land used to build this fort. Built with red sandstone, the Agra Fort is also known as Red Fort where the great mughals: Babur, Humayun, Jahangir, Akbar, Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb lived. This fort is very well maintained and one of the must visit places if you are in Agra. After the Taj Mahal, this has to be a key stop on anyone’s itinerary of Agra.

This fort has been constructed in a very vast and huge area. You will get mesmerized by its architecture. The complex is a wonderful collection of palaces, mosques and wonderful green spaces. The carving and the intricacy are no less amazing than the Taj Mahal, and the views of the Yamuna and Taj Mahal are incredible from here. The buildings are almost as stunning as the Taj. This fort has many decorative halls with marble carved walls. It comprises many fairy-tale palaces, such as the Jahangir Palace and the Khas Mahal, built by Shah Jahan. Audience halls, such as the , Diwan-i-Am, Diwan-I-Khas and two very beautiful mosques. The fort is often referred to as walled city, as seventy feet high walls surround it on all sides. Out of the four gates provided on its four sides, Delhi Gate and Lahore Gate are the most notable. This fort has witnessed various battles that were fought by different rulers but it still stands strong. It is a very nice and beautiful fort.

History

Agra Red Fort was designed and built by the great Mughal ruler, Akbar, in about 1565 after he defeated the Afghans at Panipat in 1556. Further additions were made, particularly by his grandson Shah Jahan, using his favourite building material white marble. The fort was built primarily as a military structure, but Shah Jahan transformed it into a palace, and later it became his gilded prison for eight years after his son Aurangzeb seized power in 1658. Originally, this fort was held by the Hindu Sikarwar and subsequently, by Ibrahim Lodi, Babur, Humayun and Sher Shah.

How to reach

Agra is well connected to Delhi by the means of air. Located on the main road, this fort is easily accessible through roads. Railway is another option to reach there. Nearest railway station is Agra Cantt.