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Alappuzha

Alappuzha, the seventh largest city of Kerala in the population and the third largest city in literacy rate in Kerala. The name Alappuzha is derived from the geographical position and physical features of the place which means the land between the sea and network of rivers flowing into it. It was formed on 17 August 1957.

Alappuzha is also known as Alleppey, and is the administrative headquarters of the Alappuzha district. In the year 2016, Alappuzha is considered as the top cleanest city in India by "Center for Science and Environment". It is a city with picturesque, canals, backwaters, beaches and was described as the " One of Places" and was named as "Venice of the East" by Lord Curzon. Hence, it is known as the "Venetian Capital" of Kerala.  The Backwaters are the most important tourists attraction. One of the attractions of Allapuzha is mullackal chirap, the festive season held for ten days every year in December.

History

In the early 20 century Lord Curzon, viceroy of Indian Empire visited the Alleppey. Fascinated by the scenic beauty, he exclaimed

Here nature has spent up on the land her richest bounties. Alleppey, the "Venice of the East"

History of Alappuzha, says that Alappuzha had a trade relation with the Greece and Rome. The district flourished in religion and culture under the second Chera Empire, during 9th to 12th centuries AD. Temple of Lord Ayyappan in Mukkal vattam near Muhamma in Alappuzha District,  for the Kalari from where Lord Ayyappa learnt his martial arts. In the year , the Portuguese started playing role in Alappuzha, by spreading Catholicism and converting already existing christians to catholics. Famous Church St. Andrew's Basilica was built at that period. As the power of Portugues declined in the 17 century, the Dutch gained a predominant position on the district and started building many factories and warehouses for storing the pepper and ginger. In the 19th century the district saw progress in many spheres. One of the five subordinate courts opened in the state in connection with the reorganisation of the judicial system. The first post office and first telegraph office in the former Travancore state were established in this district. The district played a role in the freedom struggle of the country. After India's Independence, on 24 march 1948 Ministry was formed in Travancore. It continued until the formation of Kerala State on 1 November 1956, under the States Reorganization Act 1956. The district came into existence as a separate administrative unit on 17 August 1957.

Places to visit in Alappuzha

  • Alappuzha Lighthouse
  • Alappuzha Beach
  • Ambalapuzha Shri Krishna Temple
  • Marari Beach
  • Karumadi
  • Pathiramanal
  • Krishnapuram Palace

Climate

  • Summer temperature ranges from 20°C to 36°C.
  • Winter temperature ranges from 16°C  to 32°C.

Best Time to Visit

  • September to March is the best season to visit Alappuzha.

How to Reach

By Air - Cochin International Airport is the nearest airport to Alappuzha.

By Rail - Alappuzha has its own railway station which is well connected to other station.

By Road - Alappuzha is well connected with National Highway 47.