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Belum Caves

Belum Caves is known for its Stalactite and Stalagmite formations. A natural underground cave formed by the constant flow of underground water.

The largest tourist cave in the Indian Sub-Continent is the Belum Caves and is the longest caves in the plains of Indian Sub-Continent. Belum Caves are located at Belum Village in Kolimigundla Mandal of Kurnool District in State of Andhra Pradesh.  Long passages, spacious chambers, fresh water galleries and siphons are in the Belum Caves. The caves reach its deepest point (150 feet from entrance level) at the point known as Pataalaganga. Belum Caves has a length of 3229 metres, making it the second largest cave in Indian Subcontinent after Krem Liat Prah caves in Meghalaya.


Robert Bruce Foote, the British geologist and archaeologist first mention the records of Belum caves in the year 1884. After this the Belum caves were unnoticed for the years untill the  a German team headed by Herbert Daniel Gebauer conducted detailed exploration of the caves in 1982 and 1983.

  • 4500 BC Remnants of vessels of that age were found in the caves.
  • 1884 existence of the caves recorded by the British geologist and archaeologist Mr Robert Bruce Foote.
  • 1982 explored by the German Herbert Daniel Gebauer.
  • 1983 explored by the German Herbert Daniel Gebauer.
  • 1988 declared protected by the Government of Andhra Pradesh.
  • 1999 development of the cave by Andhra Pradesh Tourism Development Corporation started.
  • FEB-2002 cave opened to the public.
  • JUL-2002 Musical chamber discovered.
  • JAN 2013 A new cavernicolous Isopod species named Andhracoides gebaueri

Best time to Visit

  • Between October to March is the best season to visit the park.


  • Temperature in summer ranges from 23°C to 37°C.
  • Temperature in winter ranges from 20°C to 28°C.

How to Reach

By Air – Rajiv Gandhi International Airport in Hyderabad is the nearest airport to Warangal Fort and is about 150 km away.

By Rail – The nearest railway station to the fort is Kurnool Railway Station.

By Road – A good network of state and district buses serve Kurnool. It can be reached by either state or public buses from major cities.