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Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

Dibru-Saikhowa National Park is located in Tinsukia town of Assam  covering an area of 340 km2. The park is bounded by the Brahmaputra and Lohit river in the north and Dibru river in the south. The National Park mainly consists of moist mixed semi-evergreen forests, moist mixed deciduous forests, canebrakes and grasslands. It is the largest salix swamp forest in north east India. The National Park is a haven for many endangered species.

In 1890, the area was declared as the Dibru reserved.  In 1920, additional area was added to the Dibru Reserve Forest. In 1929, Saikhowa Reserve Forest was declared. In 1933, more area was added to the Dibru RF. An area of 650 sq km prelimanarily declared as the wildlife sanctuary in the year 1986, out of which 40 km2 was declared as wildlife sanctuary in 1995. In 1997, Dibru-Saikhowa Biosphere Reserve was declared with and area of 765 km2 that included the 340 km2 of sanctuary area as the core.

Finally, in the year 1999, the 340 km2 of sanctuary area was declared as National Park.

Flora

  • Semi-evergreen forests, deciduous, littoral and swamp forests and patches of wet evergreen forests are present in the park's forest.
  • There is about 35.84% moist mixed forest, 9.50% degraded forest and 21.25% grassland in the National Park.
  • Following are the some of major tree species of the area : Mesua ferrea, Ficus, Bombax cieba, Daerbergia sissoo.

Fauna

  • Reptiles : Dibru-Saikhowa is rich and diverse in herpetofauna. Two species of monitor lizard, eight species of turtle and eight species of snake have been recorded.
  • Mammals : There are approx. 36 species of mammals have been found in the park, out of which 12 are listed in the schedule 1 of the Wildlife (Protection) Act of 1972. Some of the mammals are : Leopard, Jungle cat, Royal Bengal Tiger, Small Indian Civet, Chinese Pangolin, Asian Elephant, Slow Loris, Hoolock Gibbon.

Best Time to Visit

  • October to March is the best season to visit the Park.

Climate

  • Temperature ranges from 16°C to 32°C in summer.
  • Temperature ranges from 7°C to 22°C in winter.

How to Reach

By Air - Mohanbari Airport (Dibrugarh) is the nearest airport.

By Rail - One of the easiest ways to reach Tinsukia town is by train. Dibrugarh has a railway station that is located in the heart of the city.

By Road - uses can be taken to the town of Tinsukia which is well connected with Dibrugarh town by NH 37.