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Gautam Buddha Wildlife Sanctuary

In the Gaya district of Bihar a wildlife sanctuary is located, known as Gautam Buddha Wildlife Sanctuary. The name of the Sanctuary probably comes from the neighboring town of Gaya and its neighbor Bodh Gaya, which are closely related to Buddha and his Enlightenment. The forest of the sanctuary is located on the hill. The sanctuary was established in 1976 covering an area of 259 sq. km. which spreads partly over the rich plains of Ganges and partly over a plateau of the Chotta Nagpur region.  The rich and diverse ecology of this area, with several ecosystems co-existing together have created an intense biodiversity in the region. The forest cover density varies and the type of forest, according to location.


  • Avifauna : The species of birds residing and visiting this reserve have been poorly documented and there are many varieties of birds to be spotted in this region. Common birds are Water Fowl and Pea Fowl.
  • Mammals : The mammalian residents of the Gautam Buddha Sanctuary are most notable. One can witness herds of Wild Buffalo, Barking Deer, Spotted Deer, and Blue Bull freely roaming the forest and grasslands. Predators like Leopards, Tigers and packs of Wild Dogs are among the ecosystem of the Sanctuary.
  • Birds : Vulture, Eagle, Peafowl, Red Jungle Fowl, Pheasant, Indian Roller, Golden Oriole, Red Vented Bulbul, Indian Tree Pie, Brahminy Myna.

Best Time to Visit

  • October to March is the best time to visit the Sanctuary.


  • Summer temperature ranges from 25°C to 45°C.
  • Winter temperature ranges from 28°C to -1°C.

How to Reach

By Air - The nearest airport is the Gaya Airport.

By Rail - The nearest railway station is at Gaya.

By Road - The National Highway No. 2 cuts through the Gautam Buddha Wildlife Sanctuary and connects all the neighboring cities and states.