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Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib, Delhi

Gurudwara Sis Shish Ganj Sahib is one of the oldest and historical Gurudwaras in Delhi. Located in Chandni Chowk in Old Delhi, the Sis Ganj Gurudwara was first established in the year 1783 to commemorate the persecution site of Guru Tegh Bahadur ji. Gurudwara Sis Ganj drives it name from "sis" meaning head which connote the fact about the demises of Shri Tegh Bahadur. Sis Ganj sahib is among famous Sikh Gurudwaras and it is equally revered by the Hindus. However I have seen almost all religions here in a single day, either they are Sikhs or Hindus, or any other community, loved the humbleness and calmness of the holy place. The Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib is visited by devotes on a regular basis and everyone is welcome here irrespective of their religion, caste or gender.
There are many other places to visit near Gurdwara Sheesh Ganj Sahib such as Gauri Shankar Temple, Red Fort etc. There is also big market nearby to do shopping.

History

Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib was constructed in the year 1675 AD. This gurudwara is associated with the ninth Guru, Guru Tegh Bahadur, who was beheaded by the Mughals under the orders of the Emperor Aurangzeb, for refusing to convert to Islam. Before his body could be quartered and exposed to public view, it was stolen under the cover of darkness by one of his disciples, Lakhi Shah Vanjara, who then set his home alight to cremate the Guru's body. This place is marked by another gurdwara, Gurdwara Rakab Ganj Sahib.
Guru Tegh Bahadur ji was born in the holy city of Amritsar on April, 1621. He was the fifth and the youngest son of the sixth prophet, Guru Hargobind, and the only one to deservedly ascend the pontific throne nearly 20 years after his father's death as ninth Guru of Sikhs. He was on his missionary tour in Bengal and Assam when he heard that Aurangzeb had issued orders to persecute the Brahmins, the custodians of Hindus faith. The Emperor had in those days thrown hundreds of Brahmins into jails in the hope that if they embraced the religion of the prophet, the rest of the Hindus would follow suit. On the request of the pandits, Guru Sahib took up their cause and told them to tell the emperor that if he could convince the guru to embrace Islam, they would all do so. The Guruji was beheaded by an executioner called Jalal-ud-din Jallad, who belonged to the town of Samana in Haryana. The head was taken to Chakk Nanaki in Anandpur Sahib, while the body was taken to the place where the Gurudwara Rakab Ganj Sahib now stands. The Gurudwara was first established in 1783 by Baghel Singh to mark the martyrdom of the Sikh Guru, Guru Teg Bahadur.

The present structure of the holy shrine was constructed in the year 1930. There are two entrances to the gurudwara. It comprises of a huge spacious hall which has a bronze canopy right in the centre, under which the holy book, Shri Guru Granth Sahib is kept. The huge complex houses around 250 rooms and lockers for the visitors who wish to stay there at night. The Gurudwara also provides modern facilities for its visitors from all over the world.
There is a museum built right opposite to this gurudwara. The entire history of its establishment is described visually using models. There is also a very good collection of writings on Sikh history. The museum is built to commemorate the memory of Guru Tegh Bahadur's three faithful disciples Bhai Mati Das, Bhai Sati Das and Bhai Dyal Das who were also executed in the same place.
There is a 24 hour langar at the place which was Kotwali then and adjacent is a serai where pilgrims can stay. At the ground level there is a memorial to the Guru where he was done to death. It is a sentimental place and sacred to all. There is also the original well which existed at the time of sacrifice. It is said the Guru took holy bath at this well before being done to death. Today this well, preserved the way it was then, is sacred.

How to reach

There are plenty of trains available from any part of the country to directly reach Delhi railway station. After reaching the station you can take the underground metro from the main station to Chandni Chowk. If you want to visit this place by road then there are various private and public buses which play from Delhi to Chandni Chowk. One has to reach Delhi main bus stand first to take buses to Chandni Chowk.