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Gwalior Fort

Gwalior Fort is situated near gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, central India. It is an 8th century hill fort. The fort has two main places which were built by Man Singh Tomar. These places are Gujari Mahal and Man Mandir. The fort also consist of defensive structure. Numbers of different rulers ruled over the fort. The Gujari Mahal eas built for queen Mrignayani and is now an archaeological museum. In this temple the oldest record of "ZERO" was found. The fort is built on an outcrop of Vindhyan sandstone on a solitary rocky hill called Gopachal. This feature is long, thin, and steep.

History

In 8 century, the local king named Suraj Sen built the fort. When sage named Gwalipa offered king the water from sacred pond, the king built the fort and named it after the sage. The pond is now inside the fort. The sage gave the title Pal ("protector") to the king and said that the fort will remain in his family possession.  83 descendants of Suraj Sen Pal controlled the fort, but the 84th, named Tej Karan, lost it.

In the history of fort, there are many rulers who ruled over the fort. These rulers are:

  • The for was controlled by Kachchhapaghatas in the 10 century.
  • From 11 century onwards, several attacks were made by the muslin dynasties.
  • Ghurid general Qutub Al-Din-Aibak, who later become the ruler of delhi sultanate, captured the fort in 1196.
  • The fort came under the control of Maan Singh, the Tomar Rajputs in 1398. Dehli sultan tried to capture the fort in 1505, but was unsuccessful. After some time another attack by the son of Dehli sultan was made in 1516, resulted in Maan Singh's death.
  • Within a decade, the Mughal emperor Babur captured the fort from the Delhi Sultanate. The Mughals lost the fort to Sher Shah Suri in 1542, but Babur's son Akbar recaptured it in 1558.
  • In the control of the fort between the Scindias and the British between 1808 and 1844 , the frequent changes were done in the fort.
  • In January 1844, after the battle of Maharajput, the fort was occupied by the Gwalior State of the Maratha Scindia family, as protectorate of the British Government.
  • The Scindias continued to rule Gwalior until the independence of India in 1947, and built several monuments including the Jal Vilas Mahal.

Timing/Entry Fee

  • Opens all days of week from 8:00 am to 6:00 pm.
  • Rs. 40 per person for children.
  • Rs. 75 per person for adult.
  • Rs.  250 per person for foreigners.

Best Time to Visit

  • October-March is the best time to visit.

Climate

  • In summer temperature ranges from 24°C to 48°C.
  • In winter temperature ranges from 9°C to 36°C.

How to Reach

By Air - Gwalior Airport is the nearest airport.

By Rail - Gwalior has its own railway station which is well connected to all major cities.

By Road - Buses from all major cities arrived here as Gwalior is connected withe the cities through road also.