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Hemis National Park

Hemis National Park, a high alltitude national park located in the eastern ladakh region of Jammu & Kashmir in India. The Park extends overs 600sq. km. and is named after the famous monastery. It is known for the some rare species Bharal and Snow Leopard. It is the best place to see the snow leopard.It is believed that the National Park have the high density of the snow leopard of protected area in the world.

It is the only National Park in the Himalayas of the North India. the largest notified protected area in India (and thus the largest national park of India), and is the second largest contiguous protected area after the Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve and surrounding protected areas.

This national park is home to many species of endangered mammals. This national park in fact has been identified the reserve of snow leopard under a  project launched by the Central Government aimed at conserving the species.The park is bounded on the north by the banks of the Indus River and includes the cachements of Markha, sumdah and Rumbak, and parts of the Zanskar Range

History

By protecting the Rumbak and Markha catchments, the park was found in the 1981. The park was named after the Hemis Gompa, which is the largest and the wealthiest monastery in the ladakh, just outside the northern boundary of Shang. The Hemis Gompa is also known as the

Chang-Chub-Sam-Ling, meaning the 'place of the compassionate'.

The Hemis Gompa is the largest Tibetan religious cloth painting (called a thangka) in Ladakh. It is over 12 m. long and is displayed only once in 12 years. The park grew in 1988 to  around 3,350 km2, and to 4,400 sq. km in 1990, by incorporating neighboring lands. Hemis was notified as the Natioal Park in Feburary 4, 1981. It is largest national park in the South Asia.

Wildlife

  • This national park is the home to large number of rare species. The highlights of the area are the rare shapu, bharal and the snow leopard.
  • Some of the other species are wolf, Pallas' cat, ibex, Tibetan argali and the Ladakh urial.
  • Species that are rare in the lower reaches includes in the Avifauna.
  • Some of the 30 species have been recorded, the most prevalent being are the Himalayan Snowcock Tetraogallus himalayensis and the Chukar Partridge Alectoris chukar.

How to Reach

By Air - The closest airport is the Kushok Bakula Rimpochhe Airport, Leh.

By Rail - Jammu Tawi Railway Station is the nearest Railway station.

By Road - Hemis can be reaches by the two popular roads:  from Srinagar via Kargil on the Srinagar-Leh highway and from Manali via Sarchu and Dharchu on the Manali-Leh highway.