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Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar

Jallianwala Bagh is a beautiful public garden that houses a memorial of national importance. Located in the vicinity of the Golden Temple, Jallianwala Bagh is one of the major tourist attractions of Amritsar. Jallianwala Bagh is witness to one of the most cruel massacres of the pre-Independence era, and hence has become the symbol of national importance and remembrance.

Location

Jallianwala Bagh is situated in the city of Amritsar. It is a prominent city of the northern state of Punjab in India. The city is also home to the Golden Temple, a significant Sikh place of worship. People who visits to Golden temple surely comes this place too.

History

This place was a popular ground for holding meetings and protests during the freedom struggle in India. On 13th April, 1919, on the occasion of Baisakhi, one of Punjab's largest religious festivals ,a large crowd of around 20,000 people had assembled at Jallianwala Bagh to protest against the arrest of two Indian freedom leaders. The crowd included women as well as children. Fifty British Indian Army soldiers, commanded by Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer, began shooting at an unarmed gathering of men, women, and children without warning. Continuous open-firing went on targeting the crowd while the people were trapped inside the Jallianwala Bagh. The place had only one narrow gate which had already been blocked by General Dyer and his troops. The bullet marks are still intact on the walls all over. The spot from where the firing was ordered has also been marked.
Apart from the many deaths directly from the shooting, a number of people died in stampedes at the narrow gates or by jumping into the solitary well on the compound to escape the shooting. A plaque in the monument at the site, set up after independence, says that 120 bodies were pulled out of the well.

This tragic incident has left a deep scar on the Indians. Post independence, the massacre memorial was inaugurated by Dr. Rajendra Prasad on 13th April, 1961. Today this ground has been changed to a beautiful public park.

How to visit
The city of Amritsar is well connected to other parts of the country as well as to international destinations by several modes of transport.

Timings
The Jallianwala Bagh is open for the public to view and visit. People can visit the garden on all seven days of the week. The timings for the memorial are 6:00 am – 9:00 pm in summers and 7:00 am – 8:00 pm in winters.