Kangla means " dry land " in old Meitei language. It was the traditional seat of the past Meitei rulers of Manipur.
The Kangla Fort is the oldest fort in Imphal in the state of Manipur and is situated on the both sides of the river Imphal. Kangla was the ancient capital of Manipur and a number of Meetei monarchs have ruled the destination from this fort. In pre-Pakhangba period, a ruling clan named Khaba ruled from 'Kangla'. 'Kangla' is not only the seat of political power but also a holy place for religious worship and ceremonies. There are a number of ancient treaties/manuscripts especially "Sakoklamlen" "Chinglon Laihui", "Nunglon" etc., which lay down the rules for the construction, worship, ceremonies relating to 'Kangla'.these palace was surrounded by a huge channel called"kangla pat"
Holy/Sacred places of Kangla
For the Manipuris the Kangla fort is regarded as the holiest place. It is believed that Lord Pakhangba resides under 'Kangla' and ruled the Kingdom of Manipur and the Universe. It is also believed that there are 360 important holy/sacred places in 'Kangla'. Some of the important holy places in 'Kangla' are:
- Nungjeng Pukhri and other ponds : This is a sacred pond believed to be the abode of Lord Pakhangba. It is located to the north-west of the "Uttra". Religious rituals are performed here. Besides this, there are other holy ponds like "Chingkhei Nungjeng", "Manung Nungjeng" and "Lai Pukhri" etc.
- Nunggoibi : The site is a sacred place of worship of the Goddess of War. The "Huyein Lalu Chanba" ritual was performed here, whenever a King of Manipur emerged victorious in battle.
- Manglen : It is the cremation site of the Kings of Manipur. The "Manglen" is believed to have been developed by Maharaj Garibaniwaz in 1738. According to the royal chronicle, the Cheitharol Kumbaba, Nara Singh Maharaj (1844–50) was cremated here at the "Manglen".
- Kangla Men Surung : This is a sacred place where the kings of Manipur performed their coronation ceremony/erat-thouni. It is believed that the king will be able to rule the state or not according to the results of the ceremony/erat-thouni.
- Site of Lord Wangbaren : This is located to the southeastern corner of 'Kangla' where ceremony/erat-thouni were performed in connection with flood and natural calamities.
- Site for Lord Koubru : It is located to the northwestern corner of 'Kangla' and is worshipped mainly for good rainfall etc.
- Besides these holy/sacred places, there are "Paotak Pung", "Pakhangba Pung", "Pakhangba Khuda", "Nata Pung", "Yaorei Khukal Tetnou Yotli Chingba Ching", "Yaoreibi" "Yaichampat", "Lukhrapat", the site of "Mangang Guru", "Shumshang", "Yumjaolairenbi", "Lai-Nongshaba", etc.
- Fort opens from 7 am to 5 pm.
- Leimapokpam Keirungba Temple
- Shree Govindaji Temple
- Manipur State Museum
Best Time to Visit
- The best season to visit the temple is between September to April.
- Summer temperature ranges from 16°C to 35°C.
- Winter temperature ranges from 4°C to 25°C.
How to Reach
By Air – The nearest airport to the temple is Imphal Airport.
By Rail – The nearest Railway Station near temple is Dimapur Railway Station.
By Road – Imphal is connected by road with Guwahati through National Highway No. 39 and Silchar through National Highway No. 53.