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Kargil is in the kargil district of Ladakh in the Indian State of Jammu & Kashmir. It is the second largest town after in Ladakh after Leh and is situated near  the Line of Control facing the Pakistan-administered region of Gilgit-Baltistan to the north, and the Jammu and Kashmir divisions to the west. Kargil  is located 60 km and 204 km from Drass and Srinagar to the west respectively, 234 km from Leh to the east. Earlier Kargil was known as "Purig".

The name Kargil is derived from  the words Khar and rKil. Khar means Castle and rKil means Centre thus a place between castles as the place lay between many kingdoms. Theory behind this is that the Kargil is derived from the words "Gar" and "Khil". Gar in local language mean ‘Anywhere’ and Khil means a central place where people could stay.

Kargil has an average elevation of 8,780 feet and is situated on the banks of Indus river77% are Muslims, of which 65% follow Shia IslamBuddhism and Hinduism represent 14.5% and 8% of the total population.




Kargil was not the capital of the region at the present day. The first renowned crusader who established a dynasty in the area Gasho Tha Tha Khan. He captured the Kargil in the 8th century and was a scion of the royal family of Gilgit. In the earlier periods the dynasty rule the area of the Kargil and later he permanently settled in Shakar Chiktan area where the dynasty is till in existence. After some years the Purik Sultan,  renowned builder of Kargil, established his domain in Suru area and ruled from Karchay Khar near Sankoo. Many Kings after Purik Sultan  ruled the area of Kargil and expanded their principalities to be merged with the State of Jammu and Kashmir. The major part of Kargil was named as Purik in the ancient times, and the name was given by the Tibetian Scholars. Kargil is a place where people of multi- ethnic, multi-languish, multi- cultural are living in.

In the 15th century Islam came to Kargil. Mir Shams-ud-Din Iraqi, a scholar of Shia school of central Asia visited Baltistan and Kargil with his missionaries to preach Islam and it embraced first by the chief of the Baltistan and later was accepted by the chief of the Kargil. In the year 1979, Kargil became the separate district of the Ladakh region when it was separated from the earstwhile Leh ditrict.


  • In Summer - Temperature ranges from 4°C to 35°C.
  • In Winter -  Temperature ranges from -10°C to -14°C.

Places to Visit

  • Trekking
  • Suru Basin
  • Mulbekh Monastry
  • Drass War Memorial
  • Lamayuru Monastry

How to Reach

By Air - Leh Airport is the nearest airport.

By Rail - Jammu Station is the nearest Railway head.

By Road - Kargil is served through the NAtional Highway 1A.