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Keoladeo National Park

Keoladeo National Park is situated in Bharatpur district in Rajasthan and is also known as Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary. It is a famous avifauna Sanctuary that consist of thousands of birds specially in winter season. The park was declared as protected sanctuary in the year 1971. The aprk is man-made and man-managed land and is one of the national park in India. The park is home to 366 bird species, 379 floral species, 50 species of fish, 13 species of snakes, 5 species of lizards, 7 amphibian species, 7 turtle species, and a variety of other invertebrates. The park is the one of the richest birds areas in world.

History

The park was created 250 years ago and was named after Keoladeo (Shiva) Temple which lies within its boundaries. It was a natural depression and was flooded when Ajan Bund was constructed at confluence of two rivers named Ghambhir and Banganga by Maharaja Suraj Mal, then by the ruler of Bharatpur between 1726-1763. The park was haunting ground for the maharaja of Bharatpur and in honor of British viceroys duck shoots were oragnised. In 1964 the last big shoot was oragnised but the maharaja retained the shooting orders untill 1972. The park was declared as national park on march 10, 1982 and the park was designated as the wild life bird sanctuary on March 13, 1976. Under the Convention of World Heritage the park was declared as the World Heritage Site in the year 1985. Under the Rajasthan Forest Act, 1953 the park is a forest reserve and the property belongs to the state of Rajasthan of Indian Union.

Flora

  • The are is covered with the medium-sized trees and shrubs.
  • The open woodland is mostly Babul with samll ber.
  • North-East part of the park is dominated by the Kalam, Jamun.
  • Piloo (Salvadora Oleoides) are also present in the park.

Fauna

  • The park is popularly known as "Birds Paradise".
  • Near about 350 birds species are recorded in the park.
  • Macro Invertebrates such as insects, worms are present in the aquatic habitat.
  • Fish fauna of the park comprises 43 species.
  • Mammalian fauna that are found in the park are : Nilgai, Indian Gray Mangoose, Wild Boar, Jungle cat, Golden Jackals and many more.

Other Attractions

  • Lohagarh Fort
  • The Palace
  • Government Museum
  • Ganga Mandir

Climate

  • Summer temperature ranges from 37°C to 45°C.
  • Winter temperature ranges from 7°C to 27°C.

How to Reach

By Air - Nearest airport is in Delhi from where tourist can opt the bus for Bharatpur.

By Rail - Bharatpur Railway Station is the nearest railway station.

By Road - Bharatpur is well connected to other cities through road.