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Manas National Park

Manas National Park is UNESCO World Heritage site, Tiger Reserve, Elephant Reserve, Biosphere Reserve, National Park and also a Wildlife Sanctuary.

Manas National Park is located in Himalayan foothills in Assam, India. The park is Contiguous with the Royal Manas National Park in Bhutan. The name of the park is originated from the Manas River, which is named after the serpent goddess Manasa. The Manas river is a major tributary of Brahmaputra River, which passes through the heart of the national park. The park is known for its rare and endangered endemic wildlife such as the Assam roofed Turtle, Pygmy Hog, Golden Langur. It extends over an area of 2837 Sq. Km from Sankosh river in the west to Dhansiri river in the east, with a core area of 500 Sq. Km. The half of the Park is covered by Grasslands of Terai and Bhabar type, the riparian areas have colonizing grasslands and woodlands of several species. The thick woodlands are called Eastern Moist Deciduous Forests of various types.

Histroy

  • 1905 : Rhe National Park was Proposed as Reserve Forest.
  • 1907 : The Park was declared as Manas Reserve Forest
  • 1928 : The Park was declared Game Sanctuary.
  • 1950 : Manas Wildlife Sanctuary (360 sq. kms)
  • 1973 : Declared as Tiger Reserve under Project Tiger (2837 sq. kms).
  • 1985 : Declared as World Heritage Site (Natural) by UNESCO for outstanding universal value.  Kahitama Reserve Forest, the Kokilabari Reserve Forest and the Panbari Reserve Forest were added in the year 1990 to form the Manas National Park. 
  • 1989 : Declared as Biosphere Reserve under Man & Biosphere Programme of UNESCO (2837 sq. kms).
  • 1990 : Declared as National Park (500 sq. kms).
  • 2003: Declared as Chirang – Ripu Elephant Reserve under Project Elephant (2600 sq. kms)
  • 2011: “Danger” tag removed following the advice of IUCN, UNESCO’s World Heritage Committee.

Flora

A total of 543 plants species have been recorded from the core zone. Of these, 374 species are di-cotyledons, 139 species mono-cotyledons and 30 are Pteridophytes and Gymnosperms. The monsoon forest of Manas lie on Bhramputra Valley semi-evergreen forest ecoregion.

The main vegetation types are:

  • Sub-Himalayan Light Alluvial Semi-Evergreen forests in the northern parts.
  • East Himalayan mixed Moist and Dry Deciduous forests (the most common type).
  • Low Alluvial Savanna Woodland, and
  • Assam Valley Semi-Evergreen Alluvial Grasslands which cover almost 50% of the park.

Fauna

55 species of mammals, 380 species of birds, 50 of reptiles, and 3 species of amphibians has been recorded in the National Park. Out of these wildlife, 21 mammals are India’s Schedule I mammals and 31 of them are threatened. Some of the fauma that are included in the Sanctuary are as follow : Indian tiger, Indian Leopard, Indian Rhinoceros, Indian Elephants, Slow Loris, Asian Golden Cats and many more.

Best Time to visit

Manas National Park is open all year round, but the best time to visit Manas National Park is between the months of November to April.

Entry Fee

  • Indian – Rs. 20/- Per Person
  • Foreigners – Rs. 250/- Per Person
  • Jeep entry fee – Rs. 300/-
  • Still camera – Rs. 50/-
  • Video camera – Rs. 100/- (Indians)
  • Video camera – Rs. 500/- (Foreigners)

Timings

  • Morning timing to visit Park is from 9 AM to 12 PM.
  • Evening timing to visit Park is from 2 PM to 5 PM.

Safari Charges

  • Indian – Rs. 120/- Per Person.
  • Foreigners – Rs. 750/- Per Person.
  • An eight seater boat ride costs Rs. 8,000 which can be shared by tourists.

How to Reach

By Air - Nearest airport is the Guwahati Airport.

By Rail - Barpeta Railway Station is the nearest railway station.

By Road - Manas National Park is well connected to Major Cities and Places by road network.