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Namdapha National Park

The Namdapha National Park is the 3rd largest National Park in India in the terms of area. The park was established as Wildlife Sanctuary in 1972 ans was declared a tiger reserve and National Park in 1983.

Largest protected area in Eastern Himalayan Biodiversity hotspot is Namdapha National Park. The park is located in the Changlang district in the state of Arunachal Pradesh. The park is recognized as one of the richest areas in biodiversity in India. The national park is nestled between the Patkai range and Dapha bum range of Mishmi Hills. The park lies along the turbulent Noa-Dihing River at the international border between India and Myanmar. Total area of the park is 1807.82 Km2.

History

Mr. W. Maiklinjalm, Forest Advisor to the Governor of Assam put forth a proposal to protect this wilderness and declare it a national park in the year 1947. But this was ignored and the files that advised the protection mysteriously disappeared during the Indo-China war. In 1969, some of these papers were recovered. Namdapha first came to international prominence during the Second World War. After the Japanese invasion of China’s Pacific coast and Burma, allied planes regularly flew supply missions from Chabua in Assam to Kunming to support Generalissimo Chian Kai Shek’s Kuo Min Tang army.

The Chakma, refugees from Bangladesh, are the recent immigrants to the area, being settled by the Indian government in the 1960s in the areas between the town of Miao and the western edge of Namdapha.

Dominent Flora and Fauna

  1. Flora : 73 species of lichens, 59 species of Bryophytes, 112 species of  Heridophytes, 5 species of Gymnosperons and around 801 species of Angiosperms are found in the park. Many plants found in Namdapha are rare, endangered or endemic species. he most famous local medicinal plant Mishimi Teeta (Copti teeta), which is used by the local tribal for all kinds of diseases is available here but its export has been banned.
  2. Fauna : The habitats and diverse vegetation of the park grooms diverse species of animals and birds. It is only park in the World to have the four Feline species of big cat namely the Tiger (Panthera Tigris), Leopard (Panthera Pardus), Snow Leopard (Panthera Uncia) and Clouded Leopard (Neofelis Nebulosa) and numbers of Lesser cats.

Other Attractions

  • Miao Museum
  • Gandhigram
  • Vijaynagar
  • Miao Mini Zoo
  • Moti jheel
  • Raja Jheel
  • Elephant Ride
  • Trekking

Best Time

  • The period between November and March is probably the best season to visit the park.

Climate

  • Summer temperature ranges from 20°C to  37°C.
  • Winter temperature ranges from  8°C to 20°C.

How To Reach

By Air - Mohanbari Airport is the nearest airport situated in Dibrugarh.

By Rail - Tinsukia Railway Station in Assam is the nearest railway station.

By Road - There are a number of government and privately operated vehicles that go to Namdapha National Park at frequent intervals.