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Ooty, Headquators of Nilgiri District


Ooty is a town and a headquators of Nilgiri District, located on western ghats zone at an elevation of 7349 ft in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu where two mountains ranges meet. Ooty is popular hill stations and is known as " Queen of Hill Stations ". Ooty is also called by Udhagamandalam. Ooty was occupied by Toda, and later the area came under the rule of East India Company in 18th century end. It is a popular summer destination as it natural beauty atrracts tourists.

Ooty was originally called by UdhagamandalamLater the name was changed under the British Rule from Udhagamandalam to Ootacamund. The is derive from two words Ootaca which comes from local language means Single Stone and Mund is adapt form of Bagada for a Toda village 'Mandu' and at last shoterned to Ooty.


Ooty was a tribal land occupied by Toda along with other hills and coexisted through specialisation and trade. The major tribal areas were Toda, Bagada and Kurumba. The Chera king Senguttuvan, who ruled during the 2nd century CE,  stayed here and witnessed the dance of the Kannadigas. Different Dynasties rule over the Nilgiris and they are Chera, Gangas, Cholas, Kadambas, Vijayanagara empire, Raja od Ummatur, Rashtrakutas and Hoysalas. Later in 18th century, Tipu Sultan captured the Nilgiris and extends its border.

In 1818, the assitants of the collector of Coimbatore, visited Ooty and submitted a report to him. He camped at the Dimbhatti, in January 1819 and was grab by the beauty of the place. He started to build his bunglow in Dimbhatti and also started work on a road from Sirumugai to Dimbhatti. The making of road end on May 1823. Ooty served as the summer capital of the Madras Presidency and after Independence, it developed into a popular hill resort.

Places to visit in Ooty

  • Pykara Lake
  • Nilgiri Mountain Railway
  • Botonical Garden
  • Doddabetta Peak
  • Rose Garden
  • Shooting Point
  • Thread Garden
  • Kelli Vallry View
  • Ooty Lake
  • Murugan Temple
  • M & N Chocolate Museum
  • Upper Bhavani Lake

Best Time to Visit

  • April to June
  • September to November


  • In Summer the minimum temperature is 10 °C and the maximum temperature is 25 °C.
  • In Winter the minimum temperature is 0 °C and the maximum temperature is 21°C.

How to Reach

By Air - You can get direct flights to Peelamedu Airport (CJB) which ii 55 km away from Ooty.

By Rail - Regular trains from cities to Ooty are there and nearest railway station is  Udagamandalam (UAM).

By Road - Ooty is well connected to other cities through regular buses. Nearest Bus terminal Ooty bus stand.