Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary is the project tiger reserve loacted in the East Kameng district of Arunachal Pradesh. An area of 882 sq km is reserve by the Department of Environment and Forest of Arunachal Pradesh. A notification issued by the Principal Secretary the Governor of Arunachal Pradesh renamed Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary as Pakke Wildlife Sanctuary.
This Tiger Reserve has won India Biodiversity Award 2016 in the category of 'Conservation of threatened species' for its Hornbill Nest Adoption Programme.
- The area of present Pakke Tiger Reserve was orginally constituted as Pakhui Reserve Forest on July 1, 1966.
- It was declared as a Game Sanctuary on March 28, 1977.
- In the year 2001 it was declared as the Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary.
- On April 23, 2002 as the twenty sixth tiger reserve under Project Tiger of the National Tiger Conservation Authority(NTCA), Sanctuary was finally declared as the Pakhui Tiger Reserve.
Flora and Fauna
- The habitats which are found in the sanctuary are lowland semi-evergreen, evergreen forest and eastern himalayan broadleaf forest.
- At least 1500 species of plants are found in the sanctuary, of which are 500 would be woody.
- The forest has a typical layered structure and the major emergent species are Bhelu Tetrameles nudiflora, Borpat Ailanthus grandis and Jutuli Altingia excelsa.
- At least 40 mammal species occur in Pakhui Tiger Reserve (PTR).
- Three large cats - the tiger, leopard and clouded leopard, share space with two canids – the wild dog and Asiatic jackal.
- Elephant, barking deer, gaur and sambhar are most commonly encountered among the seven herbivore species.
- Of the over 1500 butterfly species found in India, it is estimated that PTR could be home to at least 500 species.
- A total of 36 reptile species and 30 amphibian species have been reported from PTR.
- The Assam roof turtle, a highly endangered species, is commonly sighted.
- The king cobra is sometimes seen on the fringes of villages, and is not uncommon within the park.
- The pied warty frog, resembling bird droppings, is also found here.
Best Season to Visit
- October to April is the best time to visit the Sanctuary.
- Temperature in summer ranges from 20°C to 40°C.
- Temperature in winter ranges from 5°C to 12°C.
How to Reach
By Air - Tezpur airport is the Nearest Airport. The distance of this airport is 52 km from the sanctuary.
By Rail - The nearest railway station is located at Tezpur named as Tezpur Railway Station.
By Road - Arunachal Pradesh State Transport (APST) or private bus services are available daily.