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Shaniwar Wada

Shaniwar Wada is an fortification of 18th century, build in 1732 in the Pune City in Maharashtra. It was the seat to the ruler of Maratha Empire, Bajirao Peshwa untill 1818 when the Peshwas lost control to the East India afet Third Anglo-Maratha War. Peshwa Bajirao, prime minister to Chattrapati Shahu laid the ceremonial foundation on January 10, 1730. The word Shaniwar Wada comes from the Marathi word Shaniwar means Saturday and Wada means a general term for any residence complex. The openning ceremony of Shaniwar Wada was done according to hindu religious on Jan 22,1732 another saturday was choosen for this day. It is situated near the Mula-Mutha river.

History

The Shaniwar Wada was the seven storied building of Peshwa. The entire building was supposed to be built with the stone. As the base part or the first story was completed, the people of satara complained to siva that the stone monument can build only by siva and not by peshwa. Following this, an official letter was written to the Peshwas stating that the remaining building had to be made of brick and not stone. Tyhe rest of the stories were build by the bricks. After 90 years, Britain Artillery attacked on Shaniwar Wada and the to six stories were destroyed leaving only stone base. Hence only the stone base of the Shaniwar Wada remains and can be seen even today. In june 1818, Bajirao give its gaddi to the Sir John Malcolm of British East India Company and went into political exile at Bithoor.

Gates

Shaniwar Wada has Five Gates :

  • Dilli Darwaza : (faces north) main gate of complex
  • Mastani Darwaza : (facing north) It was used by Mastani while travelling out of the palace's perimeter wall.
  • Khidki Darwaza : (facing east) containing armoured windows
  • Ganesh Darwaza : (facing south-east) used by ladies to visit neaby Kasba Ganapati Temple.
  • Jambhul/Narayan Darwaza : (facing south) This gate was used by concubines to enter and leave the fort.

Places to Visit near Shaniwar Wada

  • Dagadusheth Halwai Ganapati Temple
  • Aga Khan Palace
  • Raja Dinkar Kelkar Museum
  • Saras Baug
  • Parvati Hill
  • Vishrambaug Wada
  • Bund Garden

Climate

  • Temperature in Summer ranges from 20°C to 42°C.
  • Temperature in Winter ranges from 8°C to 32°C.

Best Time to Visit

  • July - Feburary is the best time to visit the Shaniwar Wada.

How to Reach

By Air - Pune Airport is the nearest airport.

By Rail - Pune Railway Junction is the nearest railhead to Shaniwar Wada.

By Road - Pune is well connectes with other major cities.