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Srinagar

Srinagar, the largest city and the summer capital of the Indian State of Jammu & Kashmir situated in the center of Kashmir valley on the banks of Jhelum river,  a tributary of the Indus, and Dal and Anchar lakes and is surrounded by five districts. Srinagar is famous for Lakes, Gardens, Waterfronts and houseboats. It is also known for traditional Kashmiri handicrafts and dried fruits.

The city name is drawn from the two sanskrit words "Sri" means the name of hindu goddess lakshmi and "Nagar" which would make the city of lakshmi. The records mention the name as sirinagar which in turn is transformation of the original sanskrit worsd "Surya nagar" means the " city of sun ".

History

In the 12th centuary,  a king named Pravarasena II established a new capital named Pravarapura. The was appears to be same the modern city of srinagar.  Pravarasena II resided at Puranadhishthana ("old town") before the establishment of Pravarapura. The original name of the "old town" (Srinagari) was transferred to the new town. The Buddhist and the Independent Hindu rule the srinagar till 14 centuary, when the sevearl muslim rulers take over the kashmir valley, including some cities. Kashmir came under Mughal rule, when it was conquered by the third Mughal emperor Akbar in 1586 CE. Akbar established Mughal rule in Srinagar and Kashmir valley.

In the year of 1814, the major parts of kashmir valley, including Srinagar was ruled by Maharaja Ranjit Singh, the sikh ruler from Punjab, the city came under the influence of the Sikhs.

The "treaty of Lahore"  was signed between the Sikh rulers and the British in Lahore, in the year 1846.

Maharaja Gulab Singh, a Hindu Dogra from the Jammu region became a semi-independent ruler of the state of Jammu & Kashmir. Srinagar became part of his kingdom and remained until 1947 as one of several princely state in British India. The Maharajas choose Sher Garhi Palace as their main Srinagar residence. An armed protest at continued rule of the Maharaja on 17 August 1947  was began by the villagers around the city of Poonch, after India and Pakistan's independence from Britain. Ceratin tribes such as Mehsud and Afridi from mountainous region of Pakistan entered the Kashmir valley to capture it on 22 October 1947. The government of India immediately airlifted Indian Troops to Srinagar and prevented the tribesmen from reaching the city. On 19 January 1990, the Gawakadal Massacre of at least 50 unarmed protestors by Indian forces, and up to 280 by some estimates from eyewitness accounts,set the stage for bomblasts, shootouts, and curfews that characterised Srinagar throughout the early and mid-1990s.  Feburary 2013, in the execution of Afzal Guru  Large scale protests were seen. In 2016, about 87 protesters were killed by Indian armyCRPF and JK police which became known as 2016 Kashmir Unrest.

Climate

  • Winters are cool, with daytime a January average of 2.5 °C.
  • Summers are warm with a July daytime average of 24.1 °C.
  • The highest temperature reliably recorded is 38.3 °C.
  • The lowest temperature recorded is is −20.0 °C.

Places of Worship

  • Jama Masjid, Srinagar
  • Aali Masjid
  • Hari Parbat
  • Shankaracharya Temple
  • Hazratbal Shrine

How to Reach

By Air Srinagar Airport is the nearest airport from where domestic and international flights are taken.

B Rail - The nearest railway station is the Udhampur railway station.

By Road - The city is served by many highways, including Natinonal Highway 1A and National Highway 1D.