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Sundarbans National Park

The National Park got its name from one of the mangrove plant known as "Sundari".

Sundarbans National Park is located at the South Eastern Paraganas district in the state of West Bengal.  The park is also a Tiger Reserve and the Biosphere Reserve in West Bengal. The park is part of the sundarbans on Gangas delta and is adjacent to the Sundarban Reserve Forest. The delta is densly covered with the mangrove forest and is one of the largest reserves for the Bengal Tiger. The park is home for  variety of bird, reptile, including salt water crocodile. The present park was declared as the core area of Sundarban Tiger Reserve in 1973 and a wildlife sanctuary in 1977. The park was declared as the National Park on May 4,1984.  The Principal Chief of Forest(PCCF), Wildlife & Bio-Diversity & ex-officiol Chief Wildlife Warden, West Bengal is the senior most executive officer looking over the administration of the park. Rangr forest officer divided the park into two ranges and the each range is divided into beats.


Flora & Fauna

  • Mangrove trees are  the most exquisite variety of tree that are found in this area.
  • These trees  has specialized roots called pneumatophore which emerge above ground and help in gaseous exchange i.e. respiration.
  • The National Park is home for about 400 Bengal Tigers.
  • Between November to Feburary, tigers can be seen on river banks.
  • Some others animals that are found in the Sundarbans are as : Fishing Cats, Fox, Jungle Cats, Flying Fox, Leopards Cats and Indian Grey Mangoose.

Other Attraction near Sundarbans National Park

  • The Sajnekhali Sanctuary : This sanctuary is extended part of Sundarbans National Park.
  • Piyali : Delta region of river piyali which meets the river Matla and is magnificent sight to see the lush green fields of paddy.
  • Kanak : At this place  Olive Ridley Turtles can been seen.
  • Kaikhali : Famous Picnic spot near the park.
  • Holiday Island : Barking Deer is found at this place.
  • Bhagabatpur : A hatchery for estuarine crocodiles has been set up here.
  • Netidhopani : Temple built more than 400 years ago can be seen.


  • The minimum and maximum temperature ranges from 20 °C and 48 °C respectively.

Best Time to Visit

  • The best time to visit the Sundarbans National Park is between the months November to March.

How to Reach

By Air - Netaji Subash Chandra Bose Airport is the nearest airport to the park.

By Rail - Nearest railhead located near to the park is Canning.

By Road - A well-laid network of roadways connects Sunderbans to Kolkata.